This is a model used by many British universities and publishers.

This is a model used by many British universities and publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations may be used. As the paper quotes through the novel extensively, page numbers are observed within the main body associated with text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have already been provided in a footnote to the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, in the main body regarding the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an paragraph that is indented. Keep in mind that even when the writing by the composer of the paper is coupled with quotations through the novel and sources that are secondary sentences will always be grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced regarding the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a lady at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for a lifetime’. 1 this will be Miss Brodie’s adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the kid for God, she moulds the kid for her own ends. ‘You are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my stamp and cut . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most pupil that is perceptive sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie when it comes to head’ (36), there was, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with the Church since the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and also this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and decides to carry on the side that is modern the senior high school although Jean Brodie makes clear her very own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role due to the fact group’s jester, or even opt for them to your ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on the religious convictions:

All that term she tried to inspire Eunice to become at the very least a pioneer missionary in certain deadly and dangerous zone regarding the earth, because of it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that some of her girls should grow up not largely focused on some vocation. ‘You will definitely end up as a woman Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in fact write my essay secretly interested in this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she actually is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her from the sins this can entail: ‘she is over the code that is moral it does not connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The above passage is taken from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: Laying out a bibliography

The bibliography will usually include the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even when you have not referred to or quoted from their website directly. Your order is determined and alphabetical by the authors’ names. Book titles can be found in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles appear in inverted commas. When talking about books you really need to range from the author’s name, place of publication, the publisher, plus the date once the book was published. To reference the origin of an article from a journal range from the name associated with journal, the quantity and/or volume number, the date of publication together with page numbers. There are several styles for laying out a bibliography, however the same elements appear in each, and you must be consistent. Consult the handbooks to be found within the libraries for further details.

This is a model utilized by many British universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television and the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, the fantastic War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is actually the model recommended by the present day Languages Association (MLA) and is utilized by most American universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television therefore the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist during the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The information that is essential by each model is given in the same order, nonetheless they differ in how that the details are presented. Whichever model you select or are instructed to utilize make sure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works well with further advice. These books are in the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, Simple tips to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All references that are further to the edition and given into the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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